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Direct Speech

                                                           
Direct Speech
 Preliminary
Direct and Indirect Speech is a matter of English grammar are taught in junior high and high school. Direct and Indirect Speech or Reported Speech commonly called is a regular form of matter that is often out in the NATIONAL EXAM good for junior high and elementary SMA.Atas so important material Direct and Indirect Speech, then on this occasion the author gives an explanation of Direct Speech   

When we change direct speech into indirect sentences, there are some things that are changing them changes sentence structure, tense, pronoun (pronoun), description of time and place (Adverbs of time and place).(Sentences Direct) we repeat exactly what someone says or what we hear by not changing a single word.Before going further into sub-discussion of the above, it is good there is also understood what he meant Reporting Speech and Reported Speech.      in this paper I will explain the sentence immediately (Direct Speech.)
Reporting Speech is part of the sentence in direct speech are marked by quotation marks (") and at the end by double quotes (").

Direct and indirect speech is used to tell or retell what someone says to others. In Direct Speech (Live Sentence) we repeat exactly what someone says or what we hear without changing a single word.           
For example: My sister said: "I have lost my money".       
In Direct Speech, speech or repeated words placed in quotation marks preceded by a colon after the Reporting Verb. Direct speech (Direct Speech) are commonly used in conversations in 

books, plays, drama, or quotations. If the above Direct speech is converted into Indirect Speech would be: My sister said that she had lost her money.        
Based on the above it is clear that the Simple Past Tense in quotes turned into Past Perfect Tense in Indirect Speech.           

 
To change Direct Speech into Indirect Speech that is essential to note is in the form of Reporting Verb Simple Present Tense, then in Indirrect Speech will not change tenses. That changed only Pronoun its course. For example:        
He says: "The first train will arrive early today".   
He says that the first train will arrive early today. 
I
Preposition
Preposition is part particle followed by the object. In use, the preposition to form a phrase to the preceding word or words that follow. The use of the preposition is influenced by verbs or adjectives that preceded it. The principle use of the preposition is divided into three types:
1. Based on the verb or adjective preceding
Example: object to, wait for, live in, look at, turn off, etc..
1. Based on the object that follows
Example: + statements made in place, agree with the personal noun / pronoun personal, etc.

n a change
Direct Speech to Indirect Speech tenses will be amended as follows:

1. Based on the meaning of
Example: switch on = turn on, go out, etc.
Preposition There are several kinds, including the preposition of Place (prepositions to indicate the place), the preposition of Time (prepositions to show time).
v preposition of Place
Is a preposition which shows the relationship between two or more objects. For example: "The
lamp is on the table" containing the preposition "on". This word shows the relationship between the lamp and table space.

The most common prepositions are: in, on, under, next to, in front of, behind, at. in, on, under, in front of, and behind clearly visible. Examples of the sentence is:
* The dog is in the box
* The cat is under the table
* The man is next to the building

However, at a more abstract concept - the preposition is used to refer to a point in space, usually a point on a line. See below for a more detailed explanation.
• Indigunakan to show something that surrounds or surround us. Example:
* I sleep in my bedroom
* The desk in the room
In is also used for geographic areas such as cities and countries. For example: "I live in London" or "I live in England".

• On is used to indicate something that is on top of a surface. For example:
* I sleep on my bed
* The paper is on the desk
On also used for street names, for example: "I live on Orchard roard".
• At is used to indicate something that is at a certain point, often as part of a line. For example:
* Marzuqi is at the bus stop
* Amir is at the post office

• At is also used to complete addresses, for example:
* "I live at 98 Kadudampit Road, Sukabumi, West Java."
For sure when we can use in, on or at? It depends on the perspective of the speaker, and what is considered acceptable in English.
v preposition of Time
Preposition of time is also used as adverbs of time. That is a word that can provide information about when, how, where, or in a situation that is expected by something. Words that show the time, such as: at, in, on, for, since, during, from .... to / till / until. Before and after.
1) At is used to:
- Hours: at 5 o'clock
- Time to eat: at lunchtime, at breakfast
- Religious Event: at Rajaban, at Muludan
- Specific time: at morning, at week-end

2) In use on:
- Part of the day: in the night, in the evening
- Month: in July, in May
- Season: in autumns, in the spring
- Year: in 2010, in 2012
- Age: in seventh century

3) On used on:
- Today: on Monday, onTuesday
- Some days: on his wedding day
- Date: on (the) 30th (of) May

4) For use to say how long something is going on.
Example: Amirul Mu'minin was in Sukabumi for fiveteen years.
5) Since used to say when an event was taking place.
Example: Ahmad Marzuqi has gone since 13 o'clock.

6) During the period of time used to denote where the event occurred. Example: I will do that during the holiday next week
7) From. . . to / till / untill and between. . . and is used to indicate how much time is spent between starting a job until the job was finished.
Example: I will be off from the beginning until the end of Juny. - You can see her between 1th and 10th October.
8) Before and after is used to state what will be done after the work of others or what has been done before doing anything else.
Example: - after dinner, I will watch TV. - She arrived before five o'clock

Contoh  direct Speech
1.Simple Present tense
Ex : Linda said: “I buy my dictionary at the book shop”
2. Present Continuous Tense
Ex: She said: “I doing my English homework
3. Present Perfect
        Ex: He said: “We have been living here for three years

        4. Future Tense
       Ex: Laila said: “We will leave for Singapore”
       5. Past Continuous
       Ex : He said: “I was reading an English novels”
by : lussy 
 

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